Attitudes on Sexual Assault Survey

2015 Eph Community Attitudes on Sexual Assault Survey

The survey questions
Number of submitted survey responses: 1386
Submission rate: 64%
Number of survey responses, included unsubmitted partial responses: 1613
Partial completion rate: 75%

Class year

q2
N %
2015 370 23%
2016 401 25%
2017 404 25%
2018 432 27%
Other or Non-degree 2 0%
Total 1,609 100%
Pct. of survey respondents who answered question: 99.8%

Gender identity

q3
N %
Woman 873 54%
Man 719 45%
Another identity 15 1%
Total 1,607 100%
Pct. of survey respondents who answered question: 99.6%

Sexual orientation

q4
N %
Heterosexual/straight 1,367 85%
Bisexual 102 6%
Gay or lesbian 60 4%
Asexual 9 1%
Pansexual 18 1%
Queer 32 2%
Another identity (please specify) 19 1%
Total 1,607 100%
Pct. of survey respondents who answered question: 99.6%

Are you a U.S. citizen or permanent resident?

q5
N %
Yes 1,498 93%
No 109 7%
Total 1,607 100%
Pct. of survey respondents who answered question: 99.6%

Are you Hispanic or [email protected]?

q6
N %
Yes 197 12%
No 1,405 88%
Total 1,602 100%
Pct. of survey respondents who answered question: 99.3%

What is your race?

Check all that apply
q7
N % of respondents
American Indian or Alaska Native 35 2%
Asian 273 18%
Black or African American 167 11%
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 11 1%
White 1,189 77%
Total 1,675 109%
Num./Pct. of survey respondents who answered question: 1536, 95.2%
Avg. number of boxes checked per respondent: 1.1

During the current academic year, have you participated in any of the following extracurricular activities?

q8
N % of respondents
Intercollegiate athletics (NCAA) 590 40%
Intercollegiate athletics (club sport) 344 23%
Musical groups (instrumental, choral, a cappella, etc.) 305 21%
Theatre/dance, or other performance groups 217 15%
Student publications 162 11%
Student government 116 8%
Political or activist groups 309 21%
Religious or spiritual groups 203 14%
Cultural or ethnic organizations 267 18%
Volunteer service 562 38%
Total 3,075 208%
Num./Pct. of survey respondents who answered question: 1479, 91.7%
Avg. number of boxes checked per respondent: 2.1

How often do you hear or see (via online posts) members of the Williams community…

q10
Never Rarely Sometimes Often Total Total
Responses
…say that a test, assignment, or other activity “raped” them? 32% 40% 22% 6% 100% 1,527
…make jokes about sexual assault or rape? 22% 46% 28% 4% 100% 1,525
…describe others in sexually explicit, graphic, or degrading ways? 13% 31% 41% 15% 100% 1,526

If someone was to report a sexual assault that happened to them at Williams…

q11
Strongly Disagree Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree Agree Strongly Agree Total Total Responses
Williams would take the report seriously 1% 5% 13% 53% 28% 100% 1,525
Williams would take steps to protect the safety of the person making the report 1% 6% 18% 53% 22% 100% 1,525
Williams would support the person making the report 1% 7% 20% 51% 21% 100% 1,520
Williams would take action to remedy the underlying factors that may have led to the sexual assault 6% 20% 31% 33% 10% 100% 1,519
Williams would provide support for the person who was accused of the assault 6% 12% 31% 40% 11% 100% 1,522
If it was determined that a violation of the Code of Conduct had taken place, Williams would take corrective action with the person(s) responsible 2% 9% 21% 52% 17% 100% 1,518
Williams would take steps to prevent retaliation against anyone involved in a case of sexual assault 5% 16% 32% 37% 11% 100% 1,519

It is true that people of any gender can commit assault and/or be assaulted, but these particular statements are meant to reflect specific beliefs about gender that some people hold. Please indicate the extent to which you agree with the following statements.

q13
Strongly disagree Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree Agree Strongly Agree Total Total Responses
If a girl initiates kissing or hooking up, she should not be surprised if a guy assumes she wants to have sex. 40% 31% 14% 13% 2% 100% 1,489
A girl can only claim rape if she says “no.” 48% 35% 9% 7% 2% 100% 1,489
Girls who say they were raped often led the guy on, then had regrets. 45% 32% 18% 4% 1% 100% 1,484
When guys rape, it is often because of their strong desire for sex. 22% 27% 28% 21% 3% 100% 1,487
If both people are drunk, it can’t be rape. 51% 32% 14% 2% 1% 100% 1,486
If a guy is drunk, he might rape someone unintentionally. 24% 25% 25% 22% 3% 100% 1,479
It is not necessary to discuss consent before sexual activity if you are in a relationship with the other person. 42% 38% 13% 6% 1% 100% 1,485

Based on your own experiences and what you’ve heard, Williams responds to reported information about sexual misconduct by providing:

q18
Strongly disagree Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree Agree Strongly Agree Total Total Responses
Academic accommodations (changes to class schedules, other academic support, etc.) 2% 7% 46% 35% 9% 100% 1,354
Housing modifications 2% 8% 32% 45% 13% 100% 1,359
Protective measures like no-contact orders 2% 6% 43% 38% 11% 100% 1,352
Information about and help reporting to the police 5% 11% 38% 38% 8% 100% 1,349
Information about and help accessing the campus disciplinary process 3% 6% 36% 46% 9% 100% 1,358
Information about and help accessing the police and court system 6% 12% 46% 31% 6% 100% 1,357

Which of the following have you done or would you do in your time at Williams?

q20
I would not do this I have had the opportunity to do this, but have not I have not had the opportunity to do this, but I would do it if the situation presented itself I have done this Total Total Responses
Watched my friends’ unattended drinks at parties 7% 5% 56% 32% 100% 1,376
Checked in with a friend who looked very intoxicated when they were leaving a party with someone 1% 2% 29% 69% 100% 1,378
Talked with my friends about sexual violence as an issue in our community 5% 5% 21% 68% 100% 1,375
Spoke up to a friend or someone else who told me that they had sex with someone who was very intoxicated or didn’t consent 3% 4% 80% 13% 100% 1,369
Expressed my discomfort when someone made a joke about rape or a comment that minimized rape 9% 18% 29% 45% 100% 1,373
Helped a friend to get home safely when they seemed very intoxicated 1% 1% 17% 82% 100% 1,376
Interrupted a conversation when it looked like one person might be making another person feel uncomfortable or unsafe 2% 3% 43% 52% 100% 1,373
Talked to a friend who I suspected might be in an abusive or harmful relationship 1% 2% 73% 23% 100% 1,373
Called Campus Safety to intervene in a situation that looked like it might be dangerous or unsafe 12% 5% 76% 7% 100% 1,371
Called the local police to intervene in a situation that looked like it might be dangerous or unsafe 31% 6% 62% 1% 100% 1,368

Please indicate how strongly you think your friends approve or disapprove of the following actions.

q21
Strongly Disapprove Disapprove Neither Approve nor Disapprove Approve Strongly Approve Total Total Responses
Watching friends’ unattended drinks at parties 1% 2% 17% 45% 35% 100% 1,355
Checking with a friend who looks very intoxicated when they are leaving a party with someone 0% 1% 5% 39% 55% 100% 1,352
Talking with friends about sexual violence as an issue in our community 1% 3% 18% 42% 36% 100% 1,352
Speaking up to a friend or someone else who says that they had sex with someone who was very intoxicated or didn’t consent 1% 4% 15% 45% 34% 100% 1,348
Expressing discomfort when someone makes a joke about rape or a comment that minimizes rape 2% 8% 20% 40% 29% 100% 1,351
Helping a friend to get home safely if they seem very intoxicated 0% 0% 3% 28% 69% 100% 1,350
Interrupting a conversation when it looks like one person might be making another person feel uncomfortable or unsafe 1% 3% 13% 44% 40% 100% 1,352
Talking to a friend who might be in an abusive or harmful relationship 0% 2% 11% 46% 40% 100% 1,350
Calling Campus Safety to intervene in a situation that looks like it might be dangerous or unsafe 3% 10% 21% 41% 24% 100% 1,350
Calling the local police to intervene in a situation that looks like it might be dangerous or unsafe 8% 19% 28% 28% 17% 100% 1,349

Comparison of bystander action and perceived approval

bystander

Have you ever read, watched, or listened to a survivor’s story of sexual assault or rape?

This includes attending a formal talk by a survivor, reading stories in books, articles, or online, watching films or videos with survivors telling their stories, a survivor informally sharing their experience with you, or other similar things.
q23
N %
Yes 1,225 88%
No 84 6%
Unsure 79 6%
Total 1,388 100%
Pct. of survey respondents who answered question: 86.1%

Which organized programs or educational experiences have you attended at Williams?

Check all that apply
q24
N % of respondents
Speak About It performance and entry talks during First Days 1,146 86%
Discussion in my entry facilitated by someone from Williams 1,039 78%
A performance or talk by someone from outside the Williams community 487 36%
A performance or talk by someone from Williams 608 45%
A student-run event, like Take Back the Night 480 36%
Took a class (semester or winter study) that addresses issues related to sexual violence 225 17%
A bystander education workshop 315 24%
A consent workshop 263 20%
Other (please specify) 75 6%
Total 4,638 346%
Num./Pct. of survey respondents who answered question: 1339, 83.0%
Avg. number of boxes checked per respondent: 3.5

Have any of the following happened to you or anyone you know? – Has happened to me since coming to Williams

q27_me
Yes No Unsure Total Total Responses
Been stalked, followed, or received repeated unwanted messages, texts, emails, etc. from someone that made the person uncomfortable 13% 81% 7% 100% 1,355
Been in a relationship that was controlling or abusive (physically, sexually, psychologically, emotionally, or financially) 6% 88% 5% 100% 1,354
Been sexually harassed 20% 75% 6% 100% 1,348
Been sexually assaulted 7% 89% 4% 100% 1,344
Been raped 3% 94% 3% 100% 1,341

Have any of the following happened to you or anyone you know? – Has happened to someone I know at Williams

q27_other
Yes No Unsure Total Total Responses
Been stalked, followed, or received repeated unwanted messages, texts, emails, etc. from someone that made the person uncomfortable 46% 26% 28% 100% 1,327
Been in a relationship that was controlling or abusive (physically, sexually, psychologically, emotionally, or financially) 41% 32% 27% 100% 1,323
Been sexually harassed 59% 20% 20% 100% 1,322
Been sexually assaulted 49% 30% 22% 100% 1,324
Been raped 36% 38% 26% 100% 1,322

Have you experienced any of the following while you’ve been a student at Williams?

q30
No Yes, once Yes, more than once Unsure Total Total Responses
Someone touched, kissed, or rubbed up against the private areas of my body or removed some of my clothes, even though I didn’t want them to 70% 17% 10% 3% 100% 1,375
Someone tried to sexually penetrate me, or make me penetrate them, even though I didn’t want to 90% 6% 2% 2% 100% 1,375
Someone sexually penetrated me, or made me penetrate them, even though I didn’t want to 93% 4% 1% 2% 100% 1,372
Someone tried to perform oral sex on me or make me give them oral sex even though I didn’t want to 92% 5% 2% 1% 100% 1,374
Someone performed oral sex on me or made me give them oral sex even though I didn’t want to 94% 3% 1% 1% 100% 1,374

Did the person or persons who did one or more of the behaviors listed above do them by:

q32
No Yes Unsure Total Total Responses
Catching you off guard, or ignoring non-verbal cues or looks 22% 72% 6% 100% 400
Telling lies, threatening to end the relationship or to spread rumors about you, or verbally pressuring you 91% 9% 0% 100% 394
Showing displeasure, criticizing your sexuality or attractiveness, or getting angry 81% 18% 1% 100% 395
Taking advantage of you when you were too drunk, high, or asleep 52% 44% 4% 100% 398
Threatening to physically harm you or someone close to you 98% 2% 0% 100% 392
Using force, or having a weapon 96% 4% 1% 100% 395

Where did this incident take place?

Check all that apply
q35
N % of incidents
On the Williams campus, in a residential building 251 63%
On the Williams campus, in a non-residential building 116 29%
Off campus, at another college or university 19 5%
Off campus, not at another college or university 55 14%
Other, please specify 12 3%
Total 453 113%
Number of incidents reported for which question was answered: 400
Avg. number of boxes checked per incident: 1.1

What was your relationship with this person or people?

Check all that apply
q39
N % of respondents
Acquaintance, peer, or colleague 171 43%
Friend 76 19%
Former dating or sexual partner or spouse 44 11%
Current dating or sexual partner or spouse 47 12%
No prior relationship; I didn’t know them 141 35%
Other 14 3%
Total 493 123%
Number of incidents reported for which question was answered: 402
Avg. number of boxes checked per incident: 1.2

Have you ever told anyone about this incident of unwanted sexual contact; that is, shared it in an unofficial capacity, without the expectation that action would follow?

q41
N % of incidents
Yes 269 67%
No 134 33%
Total 403 100%
Number/Pct. of survey respondents who answered question: 393 / 24.4%

Have you ever formally reported this incident (or any of these incidents) of unwanted sexual contact? By reported, we mean told someone in an official capacity, either with the expectation that action would follow or that your report would be kept on an official record.

q42
N % of incidents
Yes 26 6%
No 378 94%
Total 404 100%
Number/Pct. of survey respondents who answered question: 394 / 24.4%